The Last Part of Christmas in Mexico: the Feast of the Candelaria and the Niño Dios.
This blog post was taken from Mexico Cooks, a blog about lots of interesting things about Mexico, written by Cristina Potter.
Niños Dios: one Christ Child, many colors. Mercado Medellín, Colonia Roma, Mexico City.
For about a month prior to Christmas each year, the Niño Dios (baby Jesus) is for sale everywhere in Mexico. Mexico Cooks! took this photograph at the annual tianguis navideño (Christmas market) in front of the Mercado Medellín, Colonia Roma, Mexico City. These Niños Dios range in size from just a few inches long to nearly the size of a two-year-old child. Their diaper, molded with the statue, is their only clothing. You get to dress him yourself!
When does the Christmas season end in your family? When I was a child, my parents packed the Christmas decorations away on January 1, New Year's Day. Today, I like to enjoy the nacimientos (manger scenes), the Christmas lights, and the tree until the seventh or eighth of January, right after the Día de los Reyes Magos (the Feast of the Three Kings). Some people think that date is scandalously late. Other people, particularly many Mexican friends, think that date is scandalously early. Christmas in Mexico isn't over until February 2, el Día de la Candelaria (Candlemas Day), also known as the Feast of the Presentation.
The Holy Family, a shepherd and some of his goats, Our Lady of Guadalupe, an angel, a little French santon cat from Provence, and some indigenous people form a small portion of Mexico Cooks!' highly populated nacimiento--250 figures and counting. Click on the photo to get a better look. Note that the Virgin Mary is breast feeding the infant Jesus while St. Joseph watches over them.
Although Mexico's 21st century Christmas celebration often includes Santa Claus and a Christmas tree, the main focus of a home-style Christmas continues to be the nacimiento and the Christian Christmas story. A family's nacimiento may well contain hundreds--even thousands--of figures, but all nacimientos have as their heart and soul la Sagrada Familia (the Holy Family: the Virgin Mary, St. Joseph, and the baby Jesus). This centerpiece of the nacimiento is known in Spanish as el Misterio (the Mystery). The nacimiento is set up early--mine is always arranged at the very beginning of December--but the Niño Dios does not make his appearance until midnight on the night of December 24, when he is soothed by a precious lullaby and placed in the manger.
Niños Dios at Mexico City's Mercado de la Merced. The figures are dressed as hundreds of different saints and representations of holy people and ideas. The figures are for sale, but at this season, most people are only shopping for new clothes for their baby Jesus. All photos copyright Mexico Cooks! except as noted.
Between December 24, when he is tenderly rocked to sleep and laid in the manger, and February 2, the Niño Dios rests happily in the bosom of his family. As living members of his family, we are charged with his care. As February approaches, a certain excitement begins to bubble to the surface. The Niño Dios needs new clothing! How shall we dress him this year?
The oldest tradition is to dress the Niño Dios in hand-crocheted garments. Photo courtesy Manos Mexicanos.
According to Christian teaching, the Virgin Mary and St. Joseph took the baby Jesus to the synagogue 40 days after his birth to introduce him in the temple--hence February 2 is also known as the Feast of the Presentation. What happy, proud mother would wrap her newborn in just any old thing to take him to church for the first time? I suspect that this brand new holy child was dressed as much to the nines as his parents could afford.
Every February 2, churches are packed with men, women, and families carrying their Niños Dios to church in his new clothes, ready to be blessed and tucked gently away till next year. Some families even buy him a wee throne, just his size, and seat him in a prominent place in their homes for the year.
The Niño Dios as el Santo Niño Doctor de los Enfermos (the Holy Child, doctor of the sick). He has his stethoscope, his uniform, and his doctor's bag. This traditionally dressed baby Jesus has origins in mid-20th century in the city of Puebla.
The ceremony of removing the baby Jesus from the nacimiento is called the levantamiento (lifting up). In a family ceremony, the baby is raised from his manger, gently dusted off, and dressed in his new finery. Some families sing:
QUIERES QUE TE QUITE MI BIEN DE LAS PAJAS, (Do you want me to pick you up from the straw, my beloved)
QUIERES QUE TE ADOREN TODOS LOS PASTORES, (Do you want all the shepherds to adore you?)
QUIERES QUE TE COJA EN MIS BRAZOS Y CANTE (Do you want me to hold you in my arms and sing)
GLORIA A DIOS EN LAS ALTURAS. (Glory to God on high).
One of the most popular 'looks' for the Niño Dios in Mexico City is that of San Judas Tadeo, the patron saint of impossible causes. He is always dressed in green, white, and gold and has a flame coming from his head.
Mexico Cooks!' very own sleeping Niño Dios. He measures just 7" from the top of his head to his wee toes. His purple and gold finery, hand-made for him using sequined and embroidered fabric from Oaxaca, is very elegant.
This lovely video from Carapan, Michoacán shows both the gravity and the joy (and the confetti!) with which a Niño Dios is carried to the parroquia (parish church).
Carefully, carefully carry the Niño Dios to the parish church, where the priest will bless him and his new clothing, along with a blessing for you and your family. After Mass, take the baby Jesus home and put him safely to rest till next year's Christmas season. Sweet dreams of his next outfit will fill your own head as you sleep that night.
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